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HP0-Y25 practice tests

Building HP ProCurve Enterprise Mobility Solutions
Exam Number/Code : HP0-Y25
Exam Name : Building HP ProCurve Enterprise Mobility Solutions
Questions and Answers : 56 Q&As
Update Time: 2010-04-29
HP0-Y25 Price: $ 199.00

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1. A company is using 802.1X authentication with dynamic VLANs on its wired network. The company has three user groups that are assigned to VLANs 10, 20, and 30. You are deploying an Enterprise Mobility Solution with an MSM760 Access Controller and 50 APs. On the MSM Controller, you have configured a VSC that enforces 802.1X authentication. How do you continue to create a consistent experience for users on wired and wireless connections?
A. Bind the VSC to the APs’ group with VLANs 10, 20, and 30 as egress VLANs.
B. Enable the dynamic VLANs option in the VSC, and bind the VSC to the APs’ group.
C. Configure VLANs 10, 20, and 30 on the MSM APs’ bridge ports, and tag the MSM APs’ switch ports for each VLAN.
D. Bind the VSC to the APs’ group, and tag the MSM APs’ switch ports for VLANs 10, 20, and 30.
Answer: D

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How to spot bogus fake degrees

How To Spot Bogus Fake Degrees

More and more people are getting arrested or sued for illegally using bogus fake university degrees to land better paying jobs. Sometimes, this is done with criminal intent and at other times, the victims innocently thought that their college or university degrees were genuine. This is because many of these so called “universities and colleges” offering fake degrees have positioned themselves so well that they are thought to be authentic, especially those bogus degree mills that are offering university degrees online.

Bangladeshi, Abu Syeed Chowdury was jailed for 4 months in Singapore when he was found to have used a fake bogus University of Dahka degree to apply for a job. He was already working in Singapore for 5 years before he was found out and so had committed a serious immigration offence.

Take for instance the case of Laura Callahan, who was the deputy chief information officer in the United States Homeland Security which is a high security department, it was discovered in June 2003 that her university degree was a fake.

It is because of such high profile university degree frauds that employers need to be very vigilant over the qualifications of their potential employees and existing employees.

The following are some signs to look out for in detecting fake university and college degrees:-

1) Dates of the degrees – The dates on the degrees are not in order and therefore are supicious. For instance, the qualification sequence should be obtaining a high school certificate, then a bachelor degree followed by an Mba or Masters and then on to a PhD degree. If someone have a PhD degree without a bachelor or Masters degree or that he have a higher degree before a lower one, then his degrees are certainly suspicious. However, someone may have this inconsistency because he had studied for degrees of different professions.

2) Imitation of branded universities and colleges- Some degree mills actually skimmed off names of famous and accredited universities. For example, Hamilton University is the fake version of the prestigious Hamilton College.

3) Errors on the degree – Check for errors such as spelling mistakes and grammatical errors. The university’s seal should be embossed and not merely printed. Real universities and colleges take pride in their degrees and will not tolerate such mistakes.

4) Speedy degrees – Degrees earned in a very short time or several degrees earned at a short time are tell tale signs of fake university and college degrees.

What can an employer do if he discovers that an employee is a bogus fake degree to secure the job? Well, depending on the job scope and seniority of the fraudster, a police report may be necessary since clients of the company may have been deceived into doing something they otherwise may not have done as a result of the employee’s misrepresentation of his educational qualifications.

Civil suits can also be taken against the employee if there were damages suffered by the company through misrepresentation of doing a job which he is not qualified to do. So, don’t ever be tempted to get a bogus fake degree to mislead because you may be prosecuted in a criminal court and have a civil suit on your head.

Useful tips in solving algebra word problems

Useful Tips in Solving Algebra Word Problems

If you struggle at solving algebra word problems, you are not alone. Algebra is undoubtedly one of the difficult branches in math. However, there is a way to make algebra more manageable. Without much ado, here are effective tips that can help you conquer this rather difficult subject.

Read the problem very carefully. Better yet, understand the problem thoroughly. Know what information you are given and which you need to solve for.

Recognize the type of word problem. You should know that there are common types of algebra word problems. Your problem might be about age, consecutive integers, coins, interest, fraction, mixture, distance, number sequence, ratio and proportion, mixture, interest, or work problems. For each type of category, you will find a solution pattern which you can employ for different situations of the same type.

Know the language and translate the word into an equation. Doing this involves two steps:

1. Assigning names to variables. Assign your unknowns their respective variables; x is very commonly used. You should also use variable which signify what it represents: t for time, d for distance, r for rate, etc.

2. Coming up with an algebraic expression. Algebra is a mathematical language. Thus, it has a set of grammar which you can get acquainted with in time. What is crucial in translating algebra word problems into equations is recognizing key words and phrases. Keywords in the word problem will connote specific operations. For example, “sum of”, “more/greater/older than”, “consecutive,” and so on translates to addition operation, while “difference”, “diminished/decreased by”, “fewer/less/younger than” will denote subtraction. Words such as “product”, “doubled/tripled”, “twice/thrice”, “multiplied by” and “of” signify multiplication. Lastly, “quotient”, “divided by/into”, “quotient”, “in” or “per” translates to a division operation. Familiarizing yourself with these terms will help you easily convert the word problem into a working algebraic expression. Getting the hang of this through practice will already get you halfway to your solution.

Solve the equation. Once you have correctly translated the problem into an algebraic equation, you then find the values of the variable. This will involve further steps:

1. Simplify the equation. This is the first step in solving an algebra equation. You can employ methods such as combining like terms, dividing/multiplying terms, removing brackets, cross multiplication, and so on.

2. Isolate the variable. As you may known, you need to isolate the unknown variable to only one side of the equation before moving forward. This is relatively easy to do, especially for equations in one unknown.

3. Do the necessary operations. This may involve addition, opposite-coefficient, substitution and so on. This is where your basic algebra concepts should come in. If you have two unknowns, this is where the quadratic formula will take its course.

Check your answer. Never neglect this part. Read the algebra word problem again to see whether your final answer makes sense. Go through your operations one more time and see if you have done everything correctly.

Practice, practice, practice. The more you practice, the faster you realize how algebra word problems are not that tough after all.

Exam bible cisco 642-983 dump eb39

Exam Bible Cisco 642-983 dump eb39

Cisco Data Center Unified Computing Support Specialist Exam Number: 642-983
Associated Certifications: Cisco
Available Languages: English, Japanese, Chinese, Spanish, Russian, Korean, French, Portuguese
Exam Name : Cisco Data Center Unified Computing Support Specialist
Questions and Answers : 82 Q&As Q&As
Update Time: April 23rd,2010
Price: $226.00 $200.00

Cisco Cisco 642-983 certification exams are in the way of computer-based testing, the examination results can be known immediately after the end of the test. The daily examination results are uploading back to the company’s central server and then processed by the commissione to decide whether to grant Cisco Certification. Because it is computer-based and the results are immediately accessed to, all the examination questions are objective related, of which more than 80% of multiple-choice questions. Other kinds of questions are dragging the title, fill-in, simulated operation.

Cisco 642-983 is to test the candidates’ knowledge about some software, logic and the ability to solve the problem, however, virtually all the clients and employees expect rich experience and skills from you. You know that certification exams can not increase your work experience. In addition, 642-983 mainly concerns with technical skills. However, you can not succeed in the IT industry just relying on skills. Therefore, in order to be successful in the IT industry, you not only need to master certain skills, but also need more other knowledge like interpersonal relationship, negotiation skills, teamwork and so on.

Exam Bible 642-983 dump is written to coincide with the real test by the experienced IT experts and specialists. With the complete collection of Questions and Answers, Exambible 642-983 is high enough to help the candidates to pass this exam easily without any other study materials and no need to attend the expensive training class. To match the current real test, the technical team from Exambible will update the Questions and Answers for any changes in time, and also we are always accepting the feedbacks about this exam from our users, in specialty, we will mend the exam pool with the suggestions from those users who got full scores in this exam, so to perfect Exam Bible 642-983 to make it always have the best quality exams.

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Related Exams:
642-631 – Advanced Wireless LAN for Field Engineers
642-978 – Cisco Data Center Unified Computing Design Specialist Qualifier Exam
642-979 – Cisco Data Center Unified Computing Support Specialist Qualifier Exam
642-982 – Cisco Data Center Unified Computing Design Specialist
646-985 – Data Center Networking Solution Sales
646-276 – Selling Cisco Unified MeetingPlace Solutions (SMPS)
642-971 – Data Center Networking Infrastructure Design Specialist
642-272 – MeetingPlace Design Specialist
352-001 – ADVDESIGN
642-901 – Building Scalable Cisco Internetworks
642-812 – Building Cisco Multilayer Switched Networks

Where to get an mba scholarship

Where to Get an MBA Scholarship

Graduate school scholarships are fast becoming more valuable with the costs of education expected to rise in the coming years. Therefore, students who plan to advance into graduate school are looking at these scholarships as a valid option to produce enough funding. When it comes to your search for graduate school scholarships, there are only a few places to go.

Financial Aid Programs

If you want to apply for graduate school scholarships, the first place you must go to is the university or college’s financial aid office. Most of them have a list of possible scholarships and grants that you can apply for. You can also express your desire to acquire financial assistance for your graduate school studies to any one of your acquaintances so they can inform you of potential graduate school scholarships you can attend. If you feel like there is not enough information available in your local financial aid office, use the internet. The vast online database will provide you tons of information in less time.

Government Programs

The government provides funds to send individuals to school, especially those who are in deep financial need. Therefore, make it a point to file your application at FAFSA to qualify for any form of student assistance provided by the federal government. If you can find grants and other forms of graduate school scholarships, it is best to opt for them over student loans as the latter needs to be repaid.

Individual Scholarship Groups

If you know of any scholarship group, visit their office and ask around for any open graduate school scholarship that you can apply for. Associations like the National Scholarship Providers Association (NSPA) were intended specifically to provide funding for students.

It takes more deliberate planning to join in and finish an MBA program than most graduate courses. Oftentimes, the high cost of MBA programs from good schools can put much strain on the student’s finances. Most MBA students are also forced to quit their jobs because of the strain that curriculum requirements put on their time. That’s why many MBA students vie for MBA scholarships to help them pay for most or all of the fees that comes with an MBA program.

The first place to look for an MBA scholarship is in the different business schools, colleges, and universities. The MBA scholarships offered by these institutions are normally available to students that have excellent GMAT scores. An inability to afford the expenses that comes with completing an MBA must be proven together with merit. Nonetheless, other specific eligibility criteria vary with each institution. It is best to consult each business school’s details regarding their scholarship either through phone or through their website.

Apply to as many business schools as you can to increase your chances of getting a scholarship. Consult the school’s counselors or their designated staff regarding their scholarship to give you professional information on their requirements and criteria.

You can also utilize the internet to look for business schools that offer MBA scholarships or other private sources that offer the same. A single search can give you virtually an unlimited list of schools and scholarship providers. Try also consulting the education yellow pages to help you find MBA correspondence courses or group discussions on MBA scholarships.

Some banks also provide scholarships and loans to MBA aspirants. However, some of these loans are like personal loans and needs to be paid back. Large companies, on the other hand, often offer funds and grants to their employees who are interested in taking an MBA program.

Applying for a scholarship typically requires you to submit a completed application form together with other necessary documents. Keep track of the dates and deadlines set by the institutions you’ve applied to. Appear promptly at the interview that they’ve set and keep a positive attitude towards your self.

Vigil for schools, colleges,universities and educational institutions

enVigil for Schools, Colleges,Universities and educational institutions

enVigil will take care of following issues for any School or college.
Does the 24 x 7 manned security service at the school location ?
Do you still worry about your institute assets and possible damage to school property for various reasons?
Does your institute have multiple Campuses and administrative offices, book stores etc to manage?
Do you feel worried about the instances of violence in you campus and around campus?
Does the vandalism a strong concern for your administration at the school locations?
Do you need to live monitor areas like laboratories, libraries, study rooms and hostels to ensure every thing is going on the way the administration wants?
Do you have any parking or outside areas that you need to monitor?
Do you a storage area that need to be monitored for loss of school property?
Do you feel need to monitor the playground, gymnasium and your labs regularly?
Do you need to monitor the areas where the school fees and charges are collected?
Then enVigil CCTV is the right security solution for your educational institute.

enVigil takes care of institutions security needs & goes beyond security to improve quality of education.
Protect you intellectual property and labs by unforced circumstances and theft.
enVigil provides many features that can help not just in security but improve your day to day processes.
enVigil will allow you to monitor the staff’s performance,
Improved image to your institute – The presence of a security system shows your parents and students that you care about their customer safety and security and can improve their shopping experience.
Monitor parking areas to avoid liability from the attending students, parents and other vendors
Remotely monitor your staff and total processes shall increase your ROI by reduced theft and better employee performance.
enVigil allows you to define the Private and shard cameras, which are only available to administrator making the systems more suitable to your practical needs!
You can monitor various departments of the school – administrative department, Science lab, Literary,
Play groun area and more from the internal network and also by remote access over the internet.

English to italian translation audio

English To Italian Translation Audio

If you’re determined to learn Italian from a beginner level, please read on, here is some of my experience I want to share and I think you’ll find it useful.

There’re simply two ways of learning a new language, following a teacher or self-learning with an online course. If you have time limitation or a tight budget, I strongly recommend you to choose an online course. The course I’ve been using is called Rocket Italian with which I’ve achieved very satisfying results.

Right after I worked with Rocket Italian, I started using Italian when ordering food, greeting friends and even talking in simple words very quickly and confidently. In the whole package at only $100, I find the 33 audio lessons most helpful. They’re so delicately designed, that I was lead to penetrate the surface of learning a new language without usual difficulties and hassles. These 33 audios are purely conversationally based with one male and one female voices. The female one is by a native Italian called Maria, whose pronunciation is pleasant, crystal clear and easy to follow. I also noticed that the structure is quite smart because old words I learned from previous courses always reappear in latter ones which can effectively reinforce my memory and make me to revise. Every lesson is focusing on one topic which is extremely useful in daily life and I actually used a lot of sayings from a lesson “At the dinner table” at a Spanish friend’s and impressed them all. Rocket Italian also provides a grammar and culture lesson attached with each audio lesson which I think especially useful for those who are determined to take it to an advanced level.

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The two games MegaAudio and MegaVocab also made the whole learning journey full of fun and entertaining. MegaAudio is to help you with understanding the spoken words by giving 6 pictures and an Italian word so that you can select one from the 6. MegaVocab has a database of about 1000 words. You need to select the Italian word from the 4 options to match the given picture. Remembering new words is always the most boring and difficult part in learning a new language. MegaVocab managed to relieve me from all of that.

Make sure you try the 6-day trial course before purchasing the product to find out whether this online program suits you, which from my perspective will, especially when you don’t have any experience in Italian. To say the least, even if you’re not entirely satisfied with this program, the Refunding Policy until 60 days’ use can eliminate your last hesitation.

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Choosing tiling as a career

Choosing Tiling as a Career

Copyright (c) 2008 Able Skills

Tiles are used extensively in modern homes often in the Kitchen and Bathroom and increasingly as a floor covering in other areas of the home. They are also used in commercial buildings due to the hard wearing properties. Qualified tilers are in high demand and can earn an excellent salary.

A tiler is part of a construction team that will follow plans that have already been drawn up by an architect, a builder or designer. As a tiler, one will have a variety of chores and jobs to do. These may include:

Calculating the number of tiles required to cover an area. This may be called “marking out” or “setting out”.

Using different tools to cut the tiles to the right shape and size. This may be accomplished with hand tools or bench-mounted tools.

A tiler will first make sure that the surface to be tiled is properly prepared. This may be done by plastering, sanding or cementing.

Fixing or adjusting the tiles after they have been set, applying the proper amount of grout, and then finishing the job.

A tiler can work in a variety of settings. Typically, a tiler would work in a residential, private home, applying tiles to generally a kitchen or bathroom. However, tilers work in businesses as well, such as office buildings, restaurants, and stores. There may also be specialty work involved with being a tiler, such as swimming pool work and the mosaic walls that may be found in the landscape outside or in a garden. There are also many different types of material a tiler can work with .These may include ceramics, stone, glass, marble or terracotta.

There are no formal qualifications necessary to become a tiler. However, an employer will probably look to hire men or women who have some experience in the tiling business. For those who do not have any experience tiling but wants to get into the business, you may be able to get started as an apprentice. You may be able to talk to contractor companies and find out if they have any openings to receive on the job training. To become an apprentice basic maths aEnglish skills may be required as well as a practical ability. A Diploma in Construction will also be of benefit.

When you receive a job as a tiler, you can then get started with training on the job. There are plenty of colleges teaching courses such as the ICA (Intermediate Construction Award) that will help you qualify as a tiler. There are many websites that can help you find what various courses and classes that can move your career as a tiler along.

In today’s’ world, you may need to have a CSCS card to work on some construction sites. This is a card that proves your skills and competence as a tiler. You will need to have an NVQ or equivalent qualification, and also pass a health and safety assessment. To receive a NVQ you must pass several units, which may include setting out, preparing surfaces, and mosaic finishes.

A career as a tiler can be profitable and net you a busy lifestyle. To look into it, contact your local colleges or vocational schools to get started today. Tilers can look forward to a variety and abundance of jobs in the future.

The basics of writing a research paper

The Basics of Writing a Research Paper

A research paper is one of the most important and common requirements in high school and college. Students will definitely experience writing a research paper at one point in their lives.

A research paper is a formal written report which makes use of the scientific method. This sets it apart from other academic paper requirements such as essays and book reviews. Basically, a research paper presents information in support of a certain view or idea on a specific issue or topic.

There are two main types of a research paper: analytical and argumentative papers.

Doing research papers can be quite fun and not that hard if you follow the basic steps and helpful tips in writing one. The first step in writing a research paper will have to be choosing your topic. Some professors or teachers give their students the freedom to choose their own particular topics to pursue within a general topic or theme. As much as possible, try to choose a topic which is closest to your interests. In this way, researching will not be such a drag and will in fact be very exciting and interesting for you because you will learn something new.

In addition to pursuing a topic of interest to you, make sure your research topic is also ‘do-able’ so to speak. You should take into consideration your limitations before deciding so you not only finish your research paper but arrive at significant results as well.

Although a research paper is way simpler than a dissertation or thesis, it is more or less like a mini-thesis. Think of your research paper writing experience as a prelude to your thesis writing. And so, just like thesis writing, one can get lost along the process of doing a research paper. In order to narrow your research, it is important to refine your topic and define your thesis statement or research question. The thesis statement or research question will define the ultimate objective of your research paper and will guide the whole research process and the actual writing of the draft. Keep in mind however that your research question or thesis statement could still change along the research process.

After choosing your topic and defining your thesis statement or research question, the next step in doing your research paper is to do a review of literature. The review of literature basically means gathering all the significant studies and paper on your topic.

Next step would have to be data gathering. Primary and secondary sources can be used. Tools such as interviews, surveys, focus group discussions, direct observation, textual analysis etc. can be employed in order to collect the necessary information for the research paper. After, these data are analyzed to answer the research question or to support or disprove the thesis statement.

The last part of the research paper would have to be the presentation of the findings followed by the limitation of the study and recommendations for future studies on the topic.

Again, one has to face the reality that sooner or later, you will be forced to write a research paper. So getting acquainted with the format and steps of writing one will prove beneficial.

Parent’s involvement in children’s education

Parent’s Involvement in Children’s Education


The importance of parental involvement as an accelerating and motivating factor in their children’s education is a worldwide-accepted fact. This research project provides an in depth explanation along with specific reasons, the importance of parents’ involvement in their children’s education. It also discusses the parenting techniques, their types and their consequences if neglected. It also describes the ways to measure the outcome of the positive parental involvement. Furthermore, it mentions the teachers involvement and the difficulties faced by the teachers in getting parents involved in their children’s (this is further supported by the examples of two teachers who with their deliberate efforts won the parents over to devote their maximum attention towards their children), single-parent involvement, children’s own efforts to improve their academic levels and joint home-school based interventions. A detailed analysis of the different main ideas is given, based on the findings from other research surveys and projects.


Parental involvement can be seen to fall into three types: 1) Behavioral, 2) Intellectual and 3) Personal. The research explores the effect of multi-dimensional participation of parents and the resulting progress of children in their studies when different parental resources were dedicated to them. Actively participating parents help their children in their academic development by going to schools and participating in open houses. By keenly observing the behavior of their children they can rightly judge the kind of behavior or the allocation of resources required by their children. Such caring parents can also motivate teachers to become more attentive towards a particular student, thus maintaining the cycle of parent-teacher involvement. Encourage Building up cognitive and perception abilities in a child are a major concern in the upbringing of the child. The way the parents involve their children in cognitive learning is by exposing them to different cognitively stimulating activities and materials such as books, electronic media and current events at home. This helps the child to practice all sorts of language comprehending skills at the school. The results show a remarkably positive behavior at the school and with peers.

Two parenting processes namely the Supportive Parenting (SP) and Harsh Parenting (HP) helped a lot in the research of parental involvement in their children’s education. By adjusting the levels of supportive parenting, different levels of successful outcomes were observed. Supportive parenting in even kindergarten students yielded positive results. Four measures of supportive parenting were used in the study, they were:

1. Proactive teaching.

2. Calm discussion in disciplinary encounters.

3. Warmth.

4. Interest and involvement in peer activities.

The assessments were conducted when children entered kindergarten and when they reached grade 6. There was a factor noted to hinder children’s development: family adversity. It was the result of a multipurpose negative process that included the risk of low socio-economic status, single-parenting and family stress. Child maladjustments were found to be more common in families with such adversities. No matter how much negative impacts were cast, SP was found to overcome the risks associated with family adversity. SP was strongly related to adjustment procedures in grade 6 children who had single parent family or experienced low socio-economic status (SES) in their early childhood.

In a way to socialize their children, parents adopted the techniques of calm discussion and proactive teaching. They helped lessen the behavioral problems by carrying long discussions with their children, cultivating in them a sense of respect, calmness and peace of mind. Mothers also participated actively in reducing the peer stress among their children. It is also a widely accepted fact that supportive parenting plays an important role in the children’s development of empathy, prosocial behavior and emotional competence. On the negative side, the absence of supportive parenting may be related to the development of internal problems such as anxiety and depression.

Lack of the necessary parental care and attention is the main factor for the subsequent rise in the percentage of juvenile delinquency (crime among children). The absence of parental instructions causes children to develop irreversible behavioral and emotional problems. They in order to seek attention, resort to crimes thinking that in this way they could fulfill their wishes. They may revert to uncontrolled violence if not kept an eye upon. Such criminal activities cannot be brought to a halt until their distressing symptoms of low self-esteem, depression, dysphonic mood, tension and worries, and other disturbances are relieved. And the importance of parents’ role in this regard cannot be over-emphasized.

In an effort to describe parental involvement, many researchers use a term “Transition”(Lombardi, Joan). “Transition” is used to describe the time period in which children move from home to school, from school to after school activities, from one activity to another within a pre-school, or from pre-school to kindergarten. The untiring endeavors of teachers in the phenomenon of transition cannot be ignored. They prepared the children and their parents to face the problems of adjusting to elementary school programs that had different psychology, teaching styles and structure than the programs offered at the kindergarten level. In the elementary level schools the teachers had to face serious challenges in motivating the parents to take interest in their children’s activities. The teachers adopted different methods to involve the parents in day-to-day classroom and home activities. They used to send notes, invitation of parent-teacher meetings, invitation of parental guidance sessions and training sessions, continuously directing the parent’s attention towards their children. Patricia Brown Clark suggests that it is very important to keep the line of communication between teachers and parents open, so that the parents can interact with the teachers and get up to date information of their children’s school activities. One way to involve parents is to schedule school events and arranging classroom activities such as volunteering for libraries, acting as classroom aides or efficiently organizing lunch breaks. The teachers also opt for making phone calls at the children’s houses to keep in touch with the parents and getting to know the extent to which they are contributing towards the welfare of their children. Apart from the above activities, the teachers also assign home activities for both the parents and their children so that the parents remain indulged in their children and the children get to study at home. However, it was a bad and disappointing experience for the teachers when many of the parents failed to respond as expected. Many of the parents were so overwhelmed with their official work that they could hardly take out some time for their beloved children.

Moreover, for some parents their schoolings were not positive and character-boosting experiences, therefore they preferred to keep a distance from their children’s school as well. This made it really difficult and at times impossible for teachers to bring the parental involvement to the desired level. Nevertheless, the activities of two teachers proved greatly fruitful in making parents involved in their children. They were Carlos Valdez, an art teacher and 8th grade class sponsor, and Mike Hogan, the school’s band director. They did it by involving parents in music festivals and other school ceremonies. They proved to be great examples for the future teachers to come.

If the children’s academic development programs are to prove successful they must share two characteristics:

1) Developmentally appropriate practice:

A child’s academic progress is clearly reflected by the appropriate practice he/she administers while in school life. During transitions from pre-school to kindergarten, a child if given the exact developmentally appropriate practice tends to learn a great deal of language and playing skills. He develops a keen interest in exploring his environments and interacting (without hesitation) with his adults.

2) Supportive services:

These include the assistance that the school provides to low-income family students. The services include health care, childcare and community care. This strengthens the relation between school and children and creates a sense of security and confidence among the children. They get to learn that their communities are a part of their school since the school’s supportive services strive to help community development.

It is commonly believed that children are good self-teachers. Their self-initiated strategies help improve their expression, creativity, intellectual capabilities and extra-curricular skills. This idea is proved by the documentation of young children’s work provided by Reggio Emilia :

“The Reggio Emilia educators highlight young children’s amazing capabilities and indicate that it is through the unity of thinking and feeling that young children can explore their world, represent their ideas, and communicate with others at their highest level.”(Edwards, Pope. C, Springate, Wright.K)

The climax rests in the fact that how the parents would know that their sincere involvements are really proving worthwhile for their children. The answer lies in the attitude of the children. The degree of parental involvement can be judged by a child’s attitude towards his school subjects, his academic desires and achievements. There is a direct relationship between academic achievements and the attitude towards school. Schunk in 1981 had the following idea of aspiration or academic desires:

“Level of aspiration is defined as one’s subjective probability that he or she will reach a certain level of education.”(Abu, H. & Maher, M)

As a result children who received adequate parental concern were found to be much more confident in their academic desires and achievements than those who could not get the right amount of parental concern. The individual involvement of mothers and fathers also plays a vital role in the behavioral development of a child. Students from one-parent household were observed to show less positive attitude towards schools and studies as compared to students from two-parent households. One study aimed at investigating parental concern showed that despite mothers’ sincere endeavors, the role of fathers could not be ignored and both served as an important foundation for the future progress of the child. This can be proved from the following fact:

According to a recent report from the National Center for Educational Statistics (1997), compared to their counterparts, children with involved fathers are more likely to have participated in educational activities with their parents (e.g., to have visited a museum or a historical site with their parents in the past month), and are more likely to have access to multiple types of resources at home as well (as measured by the proportion of parents who belong to community or professional organizations, or regularly volunteer in the community). (Flouri, E. And Buchanan, A, Pg.142)

Also, the parental involvement has been discussed and implemented in terms of interventions or prevention programs, which are nothing but safety measures taken to assure healthy and perfect upbringing of the child. The study uses school-based and home-only intervention programs to find out the extent of intellectual capabilities found in children from different family backgrounds. The success of one school-based interventions can be proved from the following fact, which was a part of “Education Service Improvement Plan 2001-2005” of Edinburgh:

—-The Scottish Executive Discipline Task Force, which studied the causes of poor behavior among pupils in schools produced a report of ‘Better Behavior – Better Learning’ in June 2001. The report included 36 recommendations for action, which were then turned into an Action Plan in 2002. Many of these have implications for the Education Authority. (Craig Millar Instep Project)