communication and creative writing

Don’t Put Yourself At Risk. Become a Defensive Driver Today

When you get behind the wheel of your car you probably feel as if you are in control. That’s a good thing because we need to feel confident when we are driving. The trouble is driving techniques that we normally practice are for ordinary situations. They don’t take into account adverse conditions or the fact that we cannot control the actions of other drivers. To do this we need to understand and practice real defensive driving skills and techniques and to do that we need formal instruction.

Professionally designed and instructed defensive driving courses offer you training that will take your driving knowledge way beyond the simple mastery of the basic driving rules and mechanics that we learn when just starting to drive. Defensive driving courses help you learn how to anticipate and avoid dangerous situations. You will learn skills and techniques that will help reduce the risks that you face every single day when you take to the road. Absolutely everyone in your family who drives can benefit from a professionally instructed defensive driving course.

When you are defensive driver you do not have to be at the mercy of the unpredictable drivers we see on the road every day. High quality defensive driving courses will give you practical techniques and strategies that you can use to recognize risky driving behavior and attitudes (maybe even your own), and help you learn how to avoid collisions and make safe choices when you are on the road.

It’s hard to argue with the fact that when it comes to driving, practice makes perfect. That’s why we drive on a learner’s permit for several years before being able to drive solo. But when we learn how to drive we rarely get to practice in anything but normal situations. Defensive driving courses allow us the opportunity to learn about and practice for the unusual and the unpredictable. They also reinforce the critical safety concepts that are so important in helping defensive driving techniques become ingrained and automatic. This is something that will not happen when left on its own.

Perhaps you don’t feel the need to take advantage of a defensive driving course for yourself. OK, fair enough. But do you have a new driver in your household? What better way to help them stay safe on the road than through a defensive driving course. How about a loved one who spends a lot of time on the road? Wouldn’t a defensive driving course be a worthwhile investment for them?

Defensive driving is more than just a simple set of driving rules and techniques. It is a way of thinking and an overall attitude toward how you approach driving situations. The only way to truly ingrain defensive driving so that it becomes second nature is through instruction and practice. This can only happen through formal defensive driving instruction. Don’t you owe it to yourself and your family to invest the time it takes to become a real defensive driver? Don’t waste any more time or continue to place yourself unnecessarily in risky driving situations. Enroll in a defensive driving course today.

Civil services exam preparation

Civil Services Exam Preparation

(A) Personality Traits

1.) Mental alertness
2.) interest in a variety of subject
3.) Good intellect in order to be able to tackle any subject or situation;
4.) Weigh and apply differing opinions from various people;
5.) leadership qualities;
6.) the ability to inspire others and to channelise available talent;
7.) tact and diplomacy; and, integrity
8.) Keen interest in current affairs
9.) Ability to work hard for long hours
10.) Willingness to be posted in small, sometimes semi-rural districts
11.) Diplomatic and tactful in handling superior and subordinates
12.) Sincere interest in social and government policies and the development of the nation

(B) Salaries

Starting salary is Rs. 13,000 per month (excluding other allowances).
1.) Allowances and facilities like healthcare, housing, conveyance etc. also make it a lucrative profession. Increments come with promotions every five years of so.
2.) Secretary/Cabinet Secretary: Rs. 26,000/30,000 (The above scales only provide an idea of the pay scales. Different branches of the service have different scales of pay).
3.) In addition to the salary civil servants receive various allowances such as Dearness Allowance, City compensatory Allowance, Leave Travel Allowance, Medical and subsidised housing.

(C) Study Routes
The minimum age requirement for appearing for the Civil Services Preliminary Examination is 21 and the upper age limit is 28 years. The minimum academic requirement is graduation in any discipline from a recognised Indian University or an equivalent academic qualification. All candidates are allowed four attempts. There is a relaxation for SC/ST candidates on the number of attempts, if they are otherwise eligible.

Entry into the IAS, IPS and the Central Services, Group A and Group B is through the All India Combined Competitive Examination for the Civil Services conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Entry into the State Civil Services is through a competitive examination conducted by every state public service commission.

The Combined Civil Services Exam
The UPSC conducts the combined Civil Services Exam in three phases: the preliminary exam, mains and interview or the personality test. The entire cycle well over a year to complete.

The preliminary exam

Notified in December, usually held on the second Sunday of the following June. Results are declared by the first week of August.Consist of two objective types multiple choice question papers. The first paper is on general studies and carries 150 marks. Questions include General Science, current events of national and international importance, history of India, world geography, Indian Politics and Economy, Indian national movement and general mental ability. You can study the NCERT related books for subjects where available and other reference material is also available.

The second paper, called ‘optional’ is on the (one) subject chosen by the candidate and carries 300 marks. Subjects to choose from include – Agriculture, Mathematics, Animal Husbandry & Vetinary Science, Mechanical Engineering, Botany, Medical Science, Chemistry, Philosophy, Civil Engineering, Physics, Commerce, Political Science, Economics, Psychology, Electrical Engineering, Public Administration, Geography, Sociology, Geology, Statistics, Indian History, Zoology, Law

Eliminates all those who are not serious or well prepared. The success rate in this exam is less than 10%.
The main exam

Held around November/December every year. Consists of eight papers carrying 300 marks each. Two are qualifying papers, one in English and the other in any recognized Indian language chosen by the candidate (options include – Marks obtained are not added in the total score. Third and fourth papers are on general studies and carry 600 marks.

Rest is on two optional subjects, carrying a total of 1200 marks. The options include – Agriculture, Management, Animal Husbandry & Vetinary Science, Mathematics, Anthropology, Mechanical Engineering, Botany, Medical Science, Chemistry, Philosophy, Civil Engineering, Physics, Commerce & Accountancy, Political Science & International Relations, Economics, Psychology, Electrical Engineering, Public Administration, Geography, Sociology, Geology, Statistics, Indian History, Zoology, and Law. And literature of Arabic, Gujarati, Manipuri, Sanskrit, Assamese, Hindi, Nepali, Sindhi, Bengali, Kannada, Oriya, Tamil, Chinese, Kashmiri, Pali, Telugu, English, Konkani, Persian, Urdu, French, Marathi, Punjabi, German, Malayalam, Russian.

The Results declared by February/March.
The interview or the personality test

Carries 250 marks and is held around April/May. Final results declared by June. Successful candidates are allotted services according to their ranks in the final list. Individual preferences of the candidates are also taken into account while allocation of service. It is helpful to try and choose the same optional subject for the prelim and the main exam. Subjects such as History, Sociology, Psychology and Public Administration etc are more highly scoring while subjects such as Maths, Physics and Engineering are considered to be slightly tougher.

The first fifty or so make it to the IAS, the most popular and preferred choice.
Statutory Warning: Anyone thinking of taking up civil service should have an idea how difficult it is to get in as lakhs of candidates apply for the 400 to 500 vacancies that may arise. So once you decide to appear in civil service exam, one should be prepared to slog endlessly.

(D) Application Procedure
UPSC have developed an application form common for all their examinations, which will be processed on computerized machines. The application form along with an Information Brochure containing general instructions for filling up the form, an acknowledgement card and an envelope for sending the application is obtainable from the designated Head Post Offices/ Post Offices throughout the country against a specified cash payment. Form should be purchased from the designated Post Offices only and not from any other agency. This form can be used only once and for only one examination.

Notification along with application forms for the civil service exam will appear in all the daily newspapers and the Rozgar Samachar/ Employment News by the end of December each year. Candidates must use only the supplied form and they should in no case use photocopy/ reproduction/ unauthorized printed copy of the Form. Since this form is electronically scannable, due care should be taken to fill up the application form, correctly.

The duly filled in application form and the acknowledgement card should then be mailed in the special envelope supplied with the Information Brochure to: Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi-110 011.

Find best online math tutors

Find Best Online Math Tutors

Online Math tutor for kids? Certainly a great idea to consider. There are a plethora of reason why more and more parents, now a days, want online math tutor for their kids especially for Math.

Here are some reasons for why you should consider an efficient online math tutor for your children:

Saves time and money: One of the major benefits of considering tutoring fromprofessional online math tutors is the saving of time and money. Math tutors generally cost 50-70% more than online math tutors and the students and parents save a lot of time and money on commuting to their math tutor.

Convenience: Rain or shine, the students don’t have to leave their comfy homes for tutoring. They also don’t have to cancel their scheduled appointments with their math tutor due to his unavailability. It is this convenience factor that makes online math tutors very convenient for students.

All topics specialists together: Students don’t have to stick to a single math tutor even if the tutor finds certain topics challenging. Most of the online tutoring companies have math tutors who are experts in their own fields. So you can easily find online math tutors for Algebra, Geometry, Calculus,Probability and Statistics while sitting in your home itself.

Anywhere, anytime: Students can online tutoring from anywhere where they have an internet access, be it a school or public library, cyber caf? or home. They can get their tutoring hours with their math tutors at any time suitable to them. Be it midnight or early morning, your online math tutor is always available.

Instant math homework help: If you are stuck up in a homework question or you need to get ready for tomorrow’s exam, your online math tutor will be available immediately. So you don’t have to wait for the tutor, you can get them.

Highly individualized and customized: Since it is one-on-one tutoring, tutoring is highly customized. The student can set his own pace of learning and do the topics of his choice. There is no pressure on him by his math tutor to finish the topic fast or go slow.

Security: Good online tutoring companies employ all online tutors after detailed scrutiny on various factors. All the online tutors are background checked and are highly qualified. The online tutoring can be done from highly secured and comfortable environment of home.

Direct approach: Online tutoring in math is as interactive as direct tutoring with online math tutors. Students generally feel as if their math tutor is sitting next to the student. Moreover, different tools like PowerPoint presentation along with animations and flash make these online tutoring sessions a great learning experience for the student.

Easy as 1, 2, 3: Most of the online tutoring companies are using user-friendly software with highly secured interface. It helps to keep the student’s information confidential without hampering its usability. Students can not only talk to theironline math tutor but also can chat easily using the same software called whiteboard.

Flexibility: Unlike general math tutorsonline tutors offer tutoring of any length of time. Students can opt for tutoring sessions of any duration.

Interested to know more about online math tutors and online math tutoring? Please click here to chat with our online math counselor.

Colonic hydrotherapy certificate programs

Colonic Hydrotherapy Certificate Programs

Find Colonic Hydrotherapy Certificate Programs in the United States and Canada. Candidates searching for an alternative to mainstream healthcare education may find that participating in a colonic hydrotherapy certificate program is a unique way to learn about holistic healing. There are a variety of colonic hydrotherapy certificate courses, so it is always wise for applicants to review school and coursework for any prerequisites, levels of academic offerings, and related educational costs.

To determine if a colonic hydrotherapy certificate course is ideal for you, you can easily locate a local practitioner and have the detoxification procedure done to you so you can learn from first-hand experience if this is a career path you’d like to take. In most cases, colonic irrigation can be a pleasant experience as you will discover the many benefits to this natural detoxification therapy; including improved circulation, better digestive functioning and in general, overall feeling of wellbeing.

While most colonic hydrotherapy certificate programs are typically about 100 class hours, some alternative healing schools vary in length in curriculum and practical training. For example, some colonic hydrotherapy certificate programs involve advanced levels of training that can be as long as 1,000 hours or more. In advanced colonic hydrotherapy certificate courses, students can go onto becoming achieved instructors in the field of colon cleansing.

Students enrolled in a colonic hydrotherapy certificate program will about anatomy, physiology, colon cleansing and theories thereof; how to communicate proficiently with clients, and assisting clients in proper diet and nutrition. Students in a colonic hydrotherapy certificate course will also learn the rich history surrounding colonic irrigation, actual hands-on practice of colonic procedures, and how to effectively maintain equipment and patient charts.

Graduates of a colonic hydrotherapy certificate program will earn a certificate of completion and/or diploma; and will have gained necessary skills and knowledge to become professional practitioners in solo practice or in conjunction with a natural health care center or spa.

If you (or someone you know) are interested in achieving your colonic hydrotherapy certificate, let career training within fast-growing industries like massage therapy, cosmetology, acupuncture, oriental medicine, Reiki, and others get you started! Explore career school programs near you.

Colonic Hydrotherapy Certificate Programs

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Obama scholarships: grants to encourage moms to earn a degree

Obama Scholarships: Grants To Encourage Moms to Earn a Degree

Having to take care of their families on their own, single, working mothers have perhaps the toughest job of all. A wish or a goal for many moms that has to be put on hold in order to take care of other responsibilities, is higher education. Together with his new administration, however, President Obama is encouraging moms to make their education a priority. Obama scholarships are offering working mothers a great chance to improve their futures. Obama, whilst encouraging people of all ages to seek higher education, is urging working moms in particular to participate in his Scholarships for Moms program. Building on The Scholarships for Moms program, is the long-standing offer of Pell grants by the federal government. The most commonly applied for forms of aid for students going to college are Pell grants. These are applied for through the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. To encourage more mothers to return to school, the Obama administration is making some changes now. For the Scholarships for Moms program, the biggest incentive is with the amount of money being offered. The maximum amount awarded through Pell grants is about $4,000 per student, but that amount is increased to $5,000 for mothers who apply to the program. The aim of these grants is to allow working moms to return to school and earn a degree that allows them to better provide for their families now and in the future. By equipping mothers to earn more money as working professionals, the administration also hopes that this will also stimulate the economy. Moms can receive an education without worrying about having to pay back money for a loan, or the costs of school. Another great incentive for moms in considering this program is that it applies to enrollment in almost any type of higher education institution. As well as smaller community colleges, four-year universities are covered as well. You can go to a private school or a public one. One option for busy moms who can’t stay on campus is to study through online courses. Basically the government’s Scholarships for Moms program is a comprehensive attempt to get mothers who are keen back into the classroom. With the Obama scholarship, the worry of returning to school is removed. Working moms can earn a degree in almost any area of interest so that they are fully equipped to provide for their families. An unfulfilled wish or an unobtainable goal no longer has to be higher education. The Scholarships for Moms program has been designed to help create a brighter future for mothers and their children.

Student’s health insurance in germany

Student’s Health Insurance in Germany

The students have to pay many types of the studying expenses and one of the biggest items of expenses is the student`s insurance. In some countries the drawing up of the student`s health insurance is the necessary requirement for the students (for example, in Germany). To receive the student`s health insurance, you will have to get the insurance certificate. Such certificates can be received in any AOK Office.

The students have wide range of choice and each person can choose the insurance offer which will meet all individual wishes, requirements and needs. The student can be under the covering of the parent`s insurance policy. It is possible till the 25th birthday. But if the monthly income is more than 350 EUR, the student has to draw up own insurance policy.

In the case if the students have to pay their own insurance policy, they can choose the company which they like, as there are many insurance providers. The average sum of money, which the student has to pay for the health insurance during the month, is about 50 EUR. The students receive excellent medical treatment. The restrictions of the coverage are usually serious illnesses and birth of the child.

The students can receive such types of insurance if they are less than 30 years old. If the students are older or they have completed the 14 semesters in the university, they can apply for the receiving of the voluntary insurance of the AOK. The advisors and counselors of the AOK will help all the students to find the most appropriate offers of insurance.

If the members of you family, which are nor students, but live with you in Germany, they can be also under the coverage of the student`s insurance without additional charge. To receive all essential information, contact the advisors of the AOK.

Exam description the 642-105 ium implementing cisco unified messaging exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of how to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot cisco unified messaging

642-105 practice exam

642-105 Exam Description
The 642-105 IUM Implementing Cisco Unified Messaging exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of how to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot Cisco Unified Messaging. Candidates can prepare for 642-105 exam by taking the AUM and IUM Administering Cisoc Unified Messaging and Implementing Cisco Unified Messaging courses.

642-105 Exam Topics
The following topics are general guidelines for the content likely to be included on the Remote Access Cisco 642-105 exam. However, other related topics may also appear on any specific delivery of Cisco 642-105 exam. In order to better reflect the contents of the exam and for clarity purposes, the guidelines below may change at any time without notice.

* Install Cisco Unity System to meet end-user requirements
* Configure Cisco Messaging Systems to customer requirements
* Configure Cisco Unity System to interopt with other messaging systems
* Maintain an installed Cisco Messaging System
* Troubleshoot and repair Cisco Messaging System installations
* Administer Cisco Messaging Servers

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The orginis of plastering

The Orginis of Plastering

Copyright (c) 2008 Able Skills

Did you know that the concept of plastering has been around for hundreds of years? In fact, there is evidence that even primitive man used plaster made from mud in order to hold together their dwellings made from sticks. As time went on, the materials used to make this plaster became increasingly more sophisticated until we ended up with the type of plaster we use today.

Ancient Cultures and Plastering

Perhaps one of the earliest and most impressive uses of plaster that resembles what is used in modern construction can be found in Egypt. Over 400 years ago the Egyptians used a form of plaster similar to today’s plaster of Paris in the construction of their pyramids. They even applied the plaster to reeds, in much the same way as modern plastering involves the use of laths.

In ancient Greek culture plaster was made from a white lime stucco. Amazingly, the use of this plaster dates back to 500 BC and it was often used when crafting buildings of marble.

Plaster Comes to England

Some of the earliest representations of plaster in England can be found in the large mansions and houses dating back to the time of Henry VIII. During this time, it was used for ornamentation and was often coloured. Over time, plaster became more commonly used in small buildings and then in homes and cottages as well.

Before World War II, the average home was customarily plastered through a meticulous process that required nailing thousands of feet of lath, wooden strips, to the ceiling and walls of every single room in the home. Once the lath was in place, it was then covered with a coarse layer of plaster. This first layer is referred to as the scratch coat. When the scratch coat was applied, the wet plaster squeezed through the gaps in the lath, securing it to the walls and ceiling. Several days later, when the first layer was dry, a second coat called the brown coat was then applied to make all the surfaces relatively flat. The brown coat had to then dry for several days as well. When this coats had completely dried then final layer, a skim coat, was applied. The skim coat is a thin layer of white plaster that produces a smooth, finished surface.

So, the next time you think about taking a few plastering courses, remember the long and proud history of this fine craft!

The 220-304 exam preparation material offered by certmagic is very comprehensive and covers all exam questions that need to be covered to pass the 220-304 exam

220-304 certification

The 220-304  exam preparation material offered by certmagic is very comprehensive and covers all exam questions that need to be covered to pass the 220-304 exam. Professionals and experts at certmagic are very dedicated and they prepare exam study guides and exam practice tests with great effort.

The 220-304  exam study material provided by certmagic is very useful and gives you very useful and interactive material. In our exam notes you will the accurate and up-to-date information .our up-to-date education material will guide you along the path of success.  Certmagic guarantees you success and assures you that you will pass the 220-304  exam at the very first attempt.

We guarantee your success in 220-304  practice exams and we assure you that you will be successful after preparing from our study guides, because here we provide you complete study solutions and practice and assessment kits. Exam practice tests provide you a greater opportunity to test your knowledge and skills that you need to be good at to pass the 220-304 exam.

Exam notes and exam guides prepared by our professionals gives you powerful material that will prepare you for the day of exam. Learning exercises and learning guides on 220-304  exam will help you to enhance your skills and knowledge.

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Los angeles schools welcome back the arts

Los Angeles Schools Welcome Back the Arts

Los Angeles Schools are seeing a steady increase in arts education as the dual result of a long-term program and recent state funding. The Arts for All program was initiated in 2002 as a 10-year plan to restore arts education to the 80 districts of Los Angeles Schools. The project focuses on bringing music, dance, drama and the visual arts to K-12 schools in the area. Nine schools have just signed up for the 2007-2008 school year, bringing the total number of Los Angeles Schools involved up to 27.

Two of the newest participants are the Lancaster and Palmdale districts of Los Angeles Schools. Both schools completely eliminated their elementary music programs in the last decade due to budget cuts and increased pressure to perform on state tests. Major cuts first began for Los Angeles Schools with Proposition 13 in 1978. This California mandate reduced property taxes and district funds, which required all Los Angeles Schools to reduce or eliminate arts and physical education classes.

Los Angeles Schools were pleased when the state announced funding of $500 million for art, music and physical education classes in the beginning of June. Los Angeles Schools will use much of these funds for the Arts for All Program. Arts for All is built on a five-step process which, while proven effective, costs money. The five steps involved are:

1. Allocating 5% of a district’s budget to arts education

2. Having a board adopted policy

3. Creating an implementation plan with a timeline

4. Assigning a district level arts coordinator

5. Maintaining a student to arts teacher ratio of 400:1

Los Angeles Schools will pay for a program expert to guide parents, staff and community members in the creation of their implementation plan. The Lancaster district has an additional grant of $260,000 for its art and music programs.

Los Angeles Schools welcome the increased funding as a long overdue measure. Many educators in the Los Angeles Schools have lamented the loss of the arts as harmful to student development. While many of the cuts to arts education result from diverting funds to cover academic subjects needed to pass state tests, teachers argue that art actually enhances learning, allows children to make connections between subjects, and provides a much needed balance to education.

Like the rest of the country’s urban districts Los Angeles Schools are trying to meet the 2014 No Child Left Behind requirement that mandates proficiency on state tests by all students regardless of developmental delays or language barriers. Diverting funding away from the arts has put Los Angeles Schools in a situation where children as young as third grade are losing recess, physical activity and a basic arts background in a frenzied scramble to meet rising national standards.